Northern Line (Merseyrail)
The Northern Line is one of the two lines operated by Merseyrail on Merseyside, England, the other being the Wirral Line. It connects the centre of Liverpool with Hunts Cross to the south and Southport, Ormskirk and Kirkby to the north. It crosses the centre of Liverpool by a tunnel built in the 1970s, known as the Link. The line is allocated the colour blue on maps of the Merseyrail system.
The line runs from Hunts Cross via the former Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) route towards Liverpool Central. Just south of there, it leaves the CLC route (which is in tunnel at that point) into a 1970s tunnel which takes it into the former Mersey Railway Liverpool Central (Low Level) station. It then uses the former Mersey Railway tunnel for about half of the way to the next station, Moorfields, a new underground station built in the 1970s to replace the surface-level Liverpool Exchange. North of there, the route emerges from the tunnel to join the former Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway lines from Exchange station. After the next station, Sandhills, the former Liverpool, Crosby and Southport Railway line branches off towards Southport, while the other routes continue to Kirkdale on what was a joint section of track between Liverpool, Ormskirk and Preston Railway and the Liverpool and Bury Railway. After Kirkdale, the Ormskirk and Kirkby lines diverge.
Trains from Hunts Cross continue to Southport, while trains to Ormskirk and Kirkby start from Liverpool Central. Trains operate every 15 minutes on each of the three routes (Monday to Saturday daytime) and every 30 minutes at other times.
The Northern Line is electrified using a 750V DC third rail. The line from Liverpool Exchange to Southport and on to Crossens and Meols Cop, was the first part to be electrified in 1904, followed by the branch to Aintree (on the Ormskirk branch) in 1906 and then on to Ormskirk in 1913. The Kirkby branch and the line south of Liverpool as far as Garston were electrified to coincide with the construction of the Link in 1978 and the electrification cut back to Southport in the north. The section from Garston to Hunts Cross was electrified in 1983, allowing services to be extended.
Interchange with the Wirral Line is available at Liverpool Central and Moorfields. As the Northern Line does not pass through Liverpool Lime Street (which is the city's main National Rail station), passengers must use the Wirral Line as a connection (although in practice, given the relatively short distance between Central and Lime Street, many prefer to walk).
Interchange with other National Rail services can be made at Southport, Ormskirk, Kirkby, Liverpool South Parkway and Hunts Cross.
|Merseyrail Northern Line Stations|
|Hunts Cross – Southport Branch|
|Hunts Cross Liverpool South Parkway Cressington Aigburth St Michaels Brunswick Liverpool Central
Moorfields Sandhills Bank Hall Bootle Oriel Road Bootle New Strand Seaforth & Litherland Waterloo
Blundellsands & Crosby Hall Road Hightown Formby Freshfield Ainsdale Hillside Birkdale Southport
|Liverpool Central Moorfields Sandhills Kirkdale Walton Orrell Park Aintree
Old Roan Maghull Town Green Aughton Park Ormskirk
|Liverpool Central Moorfields Sandhills Kirkdale Rice Lane Fazakerley Kirkby|
This list is incomplete.
- Churchtown (Southport-Crossens branch)
- Crossens (Southport-Crossens branch)
- Ford (North Mersey Branch)
- Garston (Closed 10 June 2006; replaced by Liverpool South Parkway)
- Hesketh Park (Southport-Crossens branch)
- Linacre Road  (North Mersey Branch).
- Liverpool Exchange (1850-1977: Southport/Kirkby/Ormskirk branches)
- Marsh Lane (Southport branch)
- Meols Cop (Still open, but no longer part of the Northern Line: Manchester and Southport Railway)
- Otterspool (Closed 1951)
- St James' (Closed 1917)
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Northern Line (Merseyrail)