The railway was Incorporated on 19 May 1826 and was opened on 8 May 1828. Its main function was intended to be the transportation of coal, but iron ore and passengers were also carried. It was built to the Scotch gauge of 4 ft 6 in (1371 mm); and the engineer was Thomas Grainger). The line included two self-acting inclined planes.
Formation of the railway
The original 1826 Act of Parliament was to raise £18,431 (Pound sterling) of joint stock capital and a loan of £1,000. The Forth and Clyde Canal company agreed to subscribe for stock in the railway company in February 1826, because an economic depression in Glasgow, which lasted from 1826 - 1827, made fund raising difficult. In 1826, £3,300 of capital came from England.
A further Act was obtained in 1835 to raise, by means of a loan, an additional £10,000.
Attempted take over and change of gauge
The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway started negotiations in 1844 to take over the various Monkland Railways; and at the same time the railway companies applied for permission to change to Standard gauge. In May 1846, the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was refused permission to amalgamate and it decide to withdraw on 31 December 1846. The Caledonian Railway by that time had taken over the Wishaw and Coltness Railway and the Glasgow and Garnkirk Railway.
The Ballochney Railway, the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway and the Slamannan Railway all obtained aurthorisation to change to Standard gauge between 1845 and 1846. The three railways changed their gauge on 26 July and 27 July 1847.
Amalgamation to form the Monkland Railways
The Monkland Railways were absorbed by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway by an Act of Parliament, dated 5 July 1865, effective from 31 July 1865. A day later (on 1 August 1865) the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was absorbed into the North British Railway.
Connection to other lines
- Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway
- At Dykehead Junction to the Slamannan Railway
- At Brownieside Junction to the Bathgate and Coatbridge Railway
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Awdry, Page 116
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Whishaw, The Railways of Great Britain and Ireland practically described and illustrated
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Robertson, The Origins of the Scottish Railway System 1722-1844
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Thomas, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 6, Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders
- ↑ Popplewell, A Gazetteer of the Railway Contractors and Engineers of Scotland 1831 - 1870. (Vol. 1: 1831 - 1870 and Vol. 2: 1871 - 1914)
- ↑ Lindsay, The Canals of Scotland
- Awdry, Christopher, (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing.
- Lindsay, Jean (1968). The Canals of Scotland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4240-1.
- Robertson, C.J.A. (1983). The Origins of the Scottish Railway System: 1722-1844. Edinburgh: John Donald Publishers. ISBN 0-85976-088-X.
- Thomas, John (1971). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 6, Scotland: The Lowlands and the Borders. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5408-6.
- Popplewell, Lawrence (1989). A Gazetteer of the Railway Contractors and Engineers of Scotland 1831 - 1870. (Vol. 1: 1831 - 1870 and Vol. 2: 1871 - 1914). Bournmouth: Melledgen Press. ISBN 0-906637-14-7.
- Whishaw, Francis (1842). The Railways of Great Britain and Ireland practically described and illustrated. Second Edition. London: John Weale. Reprinted and republished 1969, Newton Abbott: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-4786-1.
- RAILSCOT article
- Historical, 1846, article on Monkland referring to coal, ironstone and canal and railway transportation.
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