Tsuen Wan Line (MTR)
The Tsuen Wan Line starts at Central station on Hong Kong Island and runs through western Kowloon to the southwestern New Territories, where it ends at Tsuen Wan station. It currently travels through 16 stations in 30 minutes along its route. Because it travels under Victoria Harbour from Central and into the busy areas on Nathan Road (Tsim Sha Tsui, Yau Ma Tei, and Mong Kok) continuing into densely populated Sham Shui Po, it is a very heavily travelled line.
Plans and reality
The Tsuen Wan Line was one of the original lines of the Hong Kong Underground network, thus the initial plan was a bit different from the realised line, especially the names and the construction characteristics of the New Territories section. For example, there was a planned station further west of the present Tsuen Wan station terminus, named Tsuen Wan West located in a valley. The station is different from the current KCR West Rail Tsuen Wan station located under reclaimed land. Moreover, the line was supposed to run underground in Tsuen Wan, rather than the present line which was built on ground level.
Construction to Tsuen Wan was approved in 1975 and commenced soon afterwards. While the main section of the line under Nathan Road in Kowloon started service in 1979, did not reach Tsuen Wan until 10 May, 1982. Curiously, all stations in the Sham Shui Po district (Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok and Mei Foo) opened a week later than the rest of the line. This was the only one rapid service in MTR, the journey time between Prince Edward and Lai King was shorter than "calling at all-station" for 2 to 3 minutes.
At least eight stations differ in names or location from the original plan. Central, Yau Ma Tei and Mong Kok stations were originally named after the streets crossing or above the stations, Chater Road, Waterloo Road, and Argyle Street respectively, but the name of each station was later changed to represent the district of the station. Moreover, Mong Kok station was planned a bit further north of the present station, which would have taken the place of Prince Edward station, and Sham Shui Po was planned a bit south of the present station.
Mei Foo was originally named Lai Chi Kok , Lai Chi Kok was originally named Cheung Sha Wan, and Cheung Sha Wan was originally named So Uk , which is the name of the Ming dynasty tombs in the area of the station. Kwai Fong was originally named Lap Sap Wan, which means "rubbish bay" since the station is close to a now disused landfill in Gin Drinker's Bay, and was a bit south of the present station. Kwai Hing was originally named Kwai Chung.
Kwai Fong, Kwai Hing, Lai Chi Kok, and Cheung Sha Wan stations gained their present names before opening, and Mei Foo was also renamed from "Lai Chi Kok" to "Lai Wan" (荔灣). The other stations had their Chinese name changed when they opened, and were renamed in 1985 together with Mei Foo station.
Tsuen Wan Line is a line that runs from the south to the north. It is mostly underground, beginning at Central. It crosses the harbour after Admiralty to Tsim Sha Tsui. Then, the line first runs underneath Nathan Road (Tsim Sha Tsui to Prince Edward), then Cheung Sha Wan Road (Sham Shui Po to Lai Chi Kok), before emerging from the hills at Lai King Station.
The line is elevated between Lai King and Kwai Hing stations. Between Kwai Fong and Kwai Hing stations, the tracks are covered up to minimize disturbance to the residents nearby. After Kwai Hing station, the line reenters the tunnel to enter Tai Wo Hau station, before finally reemerging to Tsuen Wan Terminus at ground level.
Some of the underground stations on the line are significantly deeper than the others. Tsim Sha Tsui and Admiralty stations are deeper than the others (such as Sham Shui Po) because they precede harbour crossings. Admiralty and Central stations are deeper than others because they provide cross-platform interchange with the deep-level Island Line.
When the Tung Chung Line was constructed, it became necessary to build an interchange so that passengers did not have to go to Hong Kong Island in order to change lines. The site chosen for such an interchange was Lai King. The Tsuen Wan Line's northbound track was altered to provide cross-platform interchange with the Tung Chung Line and the new platforms were opened in 1997, nearly a year before the Tung Chung Line started service. A track is also built in the south of Lai King station linking the Tsuen Wan Line and Tung Chung Line, which become the only track connects the Tung Chung Line with other urban lines.
To cope with the extensions and new lines for the KCR, Mei Foo station and Tsim Sha Tsui stations have new subsurface walkways added to the KCR's Mei Foo station and Tsim Sha Tsui East stations respectively:
- The interchange facilities at Mei Foo opened in 2003, when the KCR West Rail was opened.
- The interchange located at Tsim Sha Tsui entered service in 2004, along with the completion of KCR East Rail extension.
This is a list of all the stations on the Tsuen Wan Line. The coloured boxes holding the station names represent the unique colour motif for the station.
|Livery and Name||District||Connection(s)||Date opened|
|Tsuen Wan Line .|
|Central and Western||Island Line
Hong Kong Station for Tung Chung Line and Airport Express
|February 12, 1980 |
(as part of Kwun Tong Line)
|Tsim Sha Tsui||Yau Tsim Mong||East Tsim Sha Tsui Station for KCR East Rail||December 31, 1979 |
(as part of Kwun Tong Line)
|Yau Ma Tei
|Kwun Tong Line1||May 10, 1982|
|Kwun Tong Line|
Mong Kok Station for KCR East Rail2
|Prince Edward||Kwun Tong Line|
|Sham Shui Po||Sham Shui Po||May 17, 1982|
|Cheung Sha Wan|
|Lai Chi Kok|
Formerly Lai Wan
|KCR West Rail|
|Lai King||Kwai Tsing||Tung Chung Line||May 10, 1982|
|Tai Wo Hau|
|Tsuen Wan||Tsuen Wan West Station for KCR West Rail3|
1 Yau Ma Tei Station is presented as an interchange graphically, while public announcements in trains have never recommended passengers to change trains there. One probable reason is that Yau Ma Tei is the terminus of the Kwun Tong Line, and cross-platform interchange is not available as Mong Kok and Prince Edward stations are built with.
3 Tsuen Wan Station is not a transfer station to the Tsuen Wan West Station of KCR West Rail, but green minibus route 95K (free transfer with an immediate West Rail journey record on the Octopus card) is provided between the two stations. It normally takes 15-20 minutes to go to Tsuen Wan West Station on foot.
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Tsuen Wan Line (MTR)