LB&SCR J1 class

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LB&SCR J1 and J2 classes
Power type Steam
DesignerD.E. Marsh
BuilderBrighton Works
Build date1910 and 1912
Total production2
Gaugestandard gauge
Leading wheel size42 inches (1.067 m)
Driver size79.5 inches (2.019 m)
Trailing wheel size48 inches (1.219 m)
Total weight89 (Expression error: Missing operand for *. ) J1;
87.25 (Expression error: Missing operand for *. ) J2
Fuel typecoal
Boiler pressure170 psi
Cylinderstwo outside
Cylinder size21" x 26"
Tractive effort20,800 [[]] (Expression error: Unexpected round operator. [[]])

The LB&SCR J1 & J2 classes were 4-6-2 steam tank locomotives designed by D. E. Marsh for express passenger services on the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway.


Following the success of his I3 4-4-2 tank locomotive class, Douglas Earle Marsh decided to enlarge the class to create a tank locomotive capable of hauling the heaviest London-Brighton express trains. The first locomotive No. 325 was classified "J1" and completed by Brighton Works in December 1910. It incorpoated a Schmidt superheater and Stephenson valve gear. After initial modifications to the firebox to improve its coal consumption, it proved to be a successful a design. A second locomotive was therefore ordered in May 1911, but Marsh soon afterwards went on prolonged sick leave and all work ceased.

Marsh's successor Robert Billinton made detailed changes to the design before work on second locomotive recommenced, incorporating theWalschaerts valve gear. No. 326 was therefore classified as "J2" and completed in March 1912.

Both locomotives performed well, although No. 326 was considered the faster.[1] They were used on the heaviest trains, together with the H1 and H2 classes until after the formation of Southern Railway in January 1923.

During 1925 and 1926 the two classes were gradually replaced on the heaviest London-Brighton express trains by the "King Arthur" and "River" classes, and were used on lighter express services until the electrification of the London to Brighton line in 1935. Thereafter they were transferred to Eastbourne and used on London expresses from that town until they ceased following the outbreak of the Second World War.

The two locomotives spent the early months of the War in store but were later transferred to Tunbridge Wells. They both survived into British Railways (BR) ownership in 1948, but in June 1951 they were both replaced by new LMS/BR Class 4 2-6-4T locomotives and were withdrawn.

Locomotive summary

LB&SC Number Name Built S.R. Number B.R. Number Withdrawal
325 12/1910 2325 Abergavenny 32325 6/1951
326 3/1912 2326 Bessborough 32326 6/1951


  1. Bradley, (1974) p.119


External links

[[Category:London, Brighton and South Coast Railway locomotives|J] & J2]

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