USATC S160 Class
The United States Army Transportation Corps S160 Class is a class of 2-8-0 steam locomotive designed for use in Europe during World War II for heavy freight work. A total of 2120 were built and they worked on railroads across the world, including Austria, Great Britain, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, the USSR, Turkey and Spain.
They were shipped to Britain where they were loaned to all four major railway companies (174 to the GWR, 168 to the LNER, 50 to the LMS and 6 to SR). They were shipped to Europe after D-Day. Many found use on railways throughout Europe after the war:
- 243 to Italy as FS Class 736
- 30 to Austria as ÖBB Class 956
- 510 to Hungary as MAV Class 411 (26 used for spares)
- CSD Class 456
- 80 to Yugoslavia JDZ Class 37
- 575 to Poland as PKP Class Tr201 and PKP Class Tr203
- 27 to Greece as SEK Class THg
- 50 to Turkey as TCDD 45171 Class
200 of the derived S162 and S166 classes were sent to Russia, where they were designed for Russian broad gauge track.